What is Neurology?
Neurology is a field of medicine that deals with disease of the Brain, Spinal Cord, Muscle, Peripheral Nerves and Neuromuscular Junction.
Diseases of the Brain can be subdivided into several categories such as Infectious, Demyelinating, Vascular, Degenerative and others. Examples of the Brain disease may include meningitis, cerebritis, headache, stroke, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, Alzheimer's disease and tumors.
Diseases of the Spinal Cord may include Neoplasm, Demyelination, Infections, Trauma and others. Examples of these diseases are myelitis, epidural abscess, infarction, tumors, Multiple Sclerosis, in addition to others.
Diseases of the Muscle may include Hereditary Muscle Disorders such as Muscular Dystrophies, Inflammatory Muscle Disorders such as Myositis, Metabolic Muscle Disorders such as Lipid Storage Polymyopathy, in addition to other categories.
Diseases of the Peripheral Nerves may include Inflammatory Disorders such as Guillain-Barre' Syndrome, Metabolic Disorders such as Vitamin B12 deficiency related neuropathy, Toxic Disorders such as Arsenic neuropathy and Uremic neuropathy, in addition to the category of Inherited Polyneuropathies.
Examples of the Neuromuscular Junction disorders may include Myasthenia Gravis, Lambert-Eaton Syndrome, Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis and others.